Weather in Jordan


Latitude/Longitude (Capital City – Amman)
31º 57′ N, 35º 56′ E

Relative Location
Jordan is in both the northern and eastern hemispheres. Positioned in the Middle East, a recognized geographical region of southwestern Asia, the country is bordered by Israel, Syria (Golan Heights), Iraq and Saudi Arabia.

Border countries: Iraq 181 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 744 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 km. 

Land Statistics
Coastline 16 miles (26 km)

Land Areas
(land) 35,510 sq miles (91,971 sq km)

(water) 127 sq miles (329 sq km)

Land boundaries
total: 1,635 km

Jordan is generally a flat desert plateau, east and west, as the western edges of the Syrian and Ard As Sawwan deserts stretch across the land. In the west, the Great Rift Valley (high hills and mountains) separates the East and West Banks of the Jordan River. Significant bordering bodies of water include the Dead Sea, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Sea of Galilee.

Highest Point: Jabal Ram – 5,689 ft. (1,734 m)

Lowest Point: Dead Sea – (-1,349 ft.) (-411 m) below sea level

Land Divisions: 12 governorates, including: Ajlun, Al ‘Aqabah, Al Balqa’, Al Karak, Al Mafraq, ‘Amman, At Tafilah, Az Zarqa’, Irbid, Jarash, Ma’an and Madaba.

Natural resources: phosphates, potash, shale oil

Land use: arable land: 2.67% – permanent crops: 1.83% – other: 95.5% (2001)

Weather in Jordan


Jordan is a year-round destination – but despite its small size, you’ll find wide variations in climate, often reliant on the topography: Amman, Petra and Wadi Rum all lie well over 800m above sea level, Dana and Ajloun are even higher (up to 1500m), whereas the Dead Sea lies 400m below sea level. The same January day could have you throwing snowballs in Ajloun or topping up your tan on the Red Sea beaches.

Jordan's average monthly rainfall
Jordan's average monthly rainfall
Jordan's average monthly temperatures
Jordan's average monthly temperatures

Weather in Jordan


Spring in JordanThe best time to visit is spring (March–May), when temperatures are toasty but not scorching, wildflowers are out everywhere (even the desert is carpeted), and the hills and valleys running down the centre of the country are lush and gorgeously colourful. The worst of the rain is over by March, though it doesn’t entirely peter out in Amman and the hills until late April. Humidity is pleasant everywhere, and low, clear sunlight draws a spectacular kaleidoscope of colour and texture from the desert rocks. There’s only one drawback – a desert wind, loaded with dust and grit, which blows regularly each spring or early summer out of the Arabian interior. It’s known across the Middle East as the khamseen (“fifty”), after the fifty days it traditionally persists (although in Jordan it rarely lasts longer than a few days), and can darken the sky and raise the temperature by 10°C, coating everyone and everything in a layer of sand.
Weather in Jordan
Khamsini phenomenon
The name is derived from khamsin (meaning 50 in Arabic).
Khamsini weather conditions affect the eastern part of the Mediterranean an average of once a week during a 50-day period between March 20 and May 8 or 9, during which the Kingdom experiences multiple depressions bringing dusty and warm weather.
The hot, sand-laden winds, originating from the Atlas Mountains in North Africa, move east of the Mediterranean Sea around that time of the year and are usually preceded by unseasonably high temperatures, and dry and dusty conditions.
Weather in Jordan


wadi-rum-petra1In summer (roughly June–Sept), Amman can sizzle – up to 40°C in the city centre – though it’s a dry heat, rarely uncomfortable, and the hills catch some cooler breezes. Temperatures at the Dead Sea and Aqaba, though, have been known to top 45°C, with Aqaba in particular suffering from an intolerable hot wind that makes you feel like you’re basting in a fan-assisted oven. High, hazy light flattens the brown landscape and bleaches any beauty out of the desert. Copy the locals, and treat the hours between noon and 3pm as a time to snooze in the cool indoors.
Weather in Jordan

Weather in Aqaba these days

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Weather in Jordan
Weather in Jordan


Typical autumn weather (mid-Sept to mid-Nov) mostly passes Jordan by, with only a few weeks marking the shift out of high summer – if you catch it, this can be a lovely time to visit. The first rains fall in early or mid-October, making the parched countryside bloom again and temperatures drop to more manageable levels.
Weather in Jordan


In winter (roughly Dec–Feb), Amman can be desperately chilly, with biting winds sweeping through the valleys, rain showers and even snowfall, although the sun is still never far away. With short days and freezing nights, Petra winters can be taxing; exceptional lows of -8°C have been recorded. Rum is more temperate, but Aqaba makes a fine retreat, with sunshine and warmth even in the depths of January (average Red Sea and Dead Sea water temperatures vary little either side of a balmy 24°C all year).
Weather in Jordan
Elevation, average minimum and maximum temperatures and average rainfall.

Aqaba (Special Zone)

The balmy winter climate and idyllic setting on the Gulf of Aqaba, ringed by high desert mountains, make this Jordan’s aquatic playground. While Amman shivers in winter with temperatures around 5°C and the occasional snowfall, the daytime mercury in Aqaba rarely goes below 20°C and is often quite a few degrees warmer. In summer, however, the weather is uncomfortably hot, with daytime temperatures over 35°C, but it’s often made bearable by the sea breezes. For this reason Aqaba works on siesta time; everything shuts down around 3pm (or earlier) and reopens later in the evening, from around 6pm.
Weather in Jordan
Weather in H.K jordan

In Brief

The best time to visit climate-wise is in spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November), when the daytime temperatures aren’t too extreme. April is probably the best month, when temperatures are warm and wildflowers are in bloom. March can be cold and rainy in the north but is balmy by the Gulf of Aqaba and the Dead Sea.

 Weather in Jordan in details