Jordan for you

Territory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92,300
Population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .” 5.7″ million.
Currency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jordanian Dinar (JD)
Capital. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amman
Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GMT+2
Dialing code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . + 962

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Jordan, with a population of a little over 6 million people, has been an independent state since 1921 when the Emir Abdullah declared the existence of the “Emirate of Transjordan” with himself as the ruler. Abdullah was the second son of Sharif Hussein, the leader of the Hashemite tribe in Saudi Arabia,and older brother of Faisal of “Lawrence of Arabia” fame – see web page on T.E. Lawrence – (the eldest brother’s name was Ali).Originally intended as the King of Iraq, with Faisal as King of Syria, he had to content himself with the lesser prize when Faisal took the kingdom of Iraq in his place. It is perhaps ironic that today his descendants still rule Jordan, whereas Faisal’s family was wiped out in the revolution of 1958.

Jordan Map

Jordan became a kingdom in 1946 when the official name of the country became the “Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan” with Abdullah as the first king. The name was changed to “Kingdom of Jordan” in 1948. Abdullah (today known as Abdullah I) was assassinated in 1951 and the throne passed automatically to his son the Crown Prince Talal. He abdicated for medical reasons in 1952 and his son Hussein became King at the age of 17.
Hussein ruled until his death in 1999 and was succeeded by his eldest son Abdullah II who rules at the moment. Since his succession, Abdullah has had to face a number of problems, economic, social and political, with the successive crises in Palestine and the Middle East.
Jordan is in theory a democratic monarchy, the people have a number of liberties and feel themselves quite free.
But these liberties are granted for as long as the monarch wishes. King Abdullah has the power to delay or to cancel parliamentary elections, the press is closely watched and people can be detained for an almost indefinite period with no reason given.
These powers are used with discretion, and as known, the people in Jordan are on the whole perfectly happy with their government, and frequently compare it favourably with neighbouring states.
Queen of Jordan Rania, the wife of King of Jordan Abdullah II and something of an international media star, invariably accompanies him on his frequent travels, and is almost always a silent participant in any official interview. The couple have four small children, two boys and two girls.
Jordan in details
jordan-Flag

The flag of Jordan

 Jordan’s flag is adapted from the revolutionary banner of the Great Arab Revolt of 1916–17, when Arab armies under the Hashemites – a noble dynasty, now led by King Abdullah II of Jordan, which traces its origins back to the Prophet Muhammad – overthrew the rule of the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East.

The flag has three equal horizontal bands. At the top is black, representing the Abbasid Caliphate that ruled from Baghdad in the eighth and ninth centuries; in the middle is white, representing the Umayyad Caliphate that ruled from Damascus in the seventh and eighth centuries; and at the bottom is green, representing the Fatimid Caliphate that ruled from Cairo in the tenth and eleventh centuries. On the hoist side is a red triangle representing the Great Arab Revolt of 1916–17. Within the triangle is a seven-pointed white star which symbolizes the seven verses of the opening sura (verse) of the Quran; the points represent faith in one God, humanity, national spirit, humility, social justice, virtue and hope.

Read more http://wonderstourism.com/jordan-in-details/

Interesting facts

Size doesn't matter
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Al Mamlakeh Al Urduniyyeh Al Hashmiyyeh, or Al Urdun for short) covers around 90,000 square kilometres – roughly the same area as Portugal or Indiana.
Population proportion
Of the 6.7 million population, well over 90 percent are Muslim Arabs, with small minorities of Christian Arabs, as well as Muslim Circassians and Chechens.
live it up !
Of the 6.7 million population, well over 90 percent are Muslim Arabs, with small minorities of Christian Arabs, as well as Muslim Circassians and Chechens.
Government form
Jordan is a constitutional monarchy, with universal suffrage over the age of 18. The king appoints the Prime Minister and together they appoint the Cabinet. The Senate is appointed by the king and the House of Representatives is voted in by proportional representation.
Phosphate & tourism
Jordan’s per-capita GDP is under US$6000. It has virtually no oil. Key economic sectors are phosphate and potash production, and tourism.
Big cattle, no hat
Jordanian workers are entitled to a minimum wage of JD250/month (US$350).
Movie Date 1961
King Abdullah’s father, King Hussein, and mother, Toni Gardiner (later Princess Muna), met on the set of Lawrence of Arabia in 1961.
Star Trek
King Abdullah once appeared in a non-speaking role in Star Trek: Voyager.

 

Weather in H.K jordanJordan has a hot, dry climate characterized by long, hot, dry summers and short, cool winters. The climate is influenced by Jordan’s location between the subtropical aridity of the Arabian desert areas and the subtropical humidity of the eastern Mediterranean area. January is the coldest month, with temperatures from 5°C to 10°C, and August is the hottest month at 20°C to 35°C. Daily temperatures can be very hot, especially in the summer; on some days it can be 40°C or more, especially when the Shirocco, a hot, dry southe rly wind blows. These winds can sometimes be very strong and can cause Sandstorms.
About 70 percent of the average rainfall in the country falls between November and March; June through August are often rainless. Rainfall varies from season to season and from year to year. Precipitation is often concentrated in violent storms, causing erosion and local flooding, especially in the winter months.
Required clothing: Lightweight cotton clothes are advised in the summer, with a sweater for cooler evenings, especially in the inland areas. waterproof mediumwear is recommended for the winter. Read More

 

VISA POLICY TO JORDAN

The cost of one entry visa to Jordan: Mighty Jerash
Single Entry visas valid for two months: 40 JOD (approximately 56 USD)
Double Entry visas valid for three months: 60 JOD (approximately 85 USD)
Multiple Entry visas valid for six months: 120 JOD (approximately 170 USD)

Groups of five persons or more arriving through a designated Jordanian tour operator with a government certified tour guide are exempt from all visa charges, provided the group arrives and departs together as well as stay a minimum of 2 nights in Jordan.

Certain nationalities require an entry visa to be obtained prior to travel. Please select from the drop-down list below to see which nationalities require visa clearance. The below list is meant solely as a useful tool and the data within it is subject to change without prior notice. It is recommended that you check with the Jordanian diplomatic mission in your country prior to travel to ensure that you have all the necessary paperwork for travel.

Africa
Countries not requiring prior visa clearance:
Algeria , Cape Verde , Egypt , Lesotho , Libya , Malawi , Mauritius , Montenegro , São Tomé and Príncipe , Seychelles , South Africa , Swaziland , Tunisia , Zimbabwe.
http://wonderstourism.com/jordan-in-details/
Countries requiring prior visa clearance:
Angola , Benin , Botswana , Burkina Faso , Burundi , Cameron , Central African Republic , Chad , Comoros , The Democratic Republic of the Congo , The Republic of the Congo , Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) , Djibouti , Equatorial Ghana , Eritrea , Ethiopia , Gabon , Gambia , Ghana , Guinea , Guinea -Bissau , Kenya , Liberia , Madagascar , Mali , Mauritania , Morocco , Mozambique , Namibia , Niger , Nigeria , Rwanda , Senegal , Sierra Leone , Somalia , Sudan , Tanzania , Togo , Uganda , Zaire , Zambia.
Asia
Countries not requiring prior visa clearance:
Andorra , Bahrain , Bhutan , Brunei , Burma , China , China (Taiwan) , Hong Kong , India , Indonesia , Israel , Japan , Kazakhstan , Iraqi Kurdistan , Kuwait , Kyrgyzstan , Lebanon , Macau , Malaysia , Maldives , North Korea , Oman , Palestine/ PNA Passport Holders , Qatar , Russia , Saudi Arabia , Singapore , South Korea , Syria , Tajikistan , Thailand , Turkey , Turkmenistan , United Arab Emirates , Uzbekistan , White Russia , Yemen.
http://wonderstourism.com/jordan-in-details/
Countries requiring prior visa clearance:
Afghanistan , Bangladesh , Cambodia , Iran , Iraq , Laos , Mongolia , Myanmar , Nepal , Pakistan , Papua New Guinea , Philippines , Sri Lanka , Vietnam.
Caribbean Sea
Countries not requiring prior visa clearance:
Saint Kitts and Nevis , Saint Lucia , Saint Vincent.
Europe
Countries not requiring prior visa clearance:
Armenia , Austria , Azerbaijan , Belgium , Belarus , Bosnia &Herzegovina , Bulgaria , Croatia , Cyprus , Czech Republic , Denmark , Estonia , Finland , France , Georgia , Germany , Greece , Holland , Hungary , Iceland , Ireland , Italy , Kosovo , Latvia , Liechtenstein , Lithuania , Luxembourg , Macedonia , Malta , Monaco , Norway , Poland , Portugal , Romania , San Marino , Slovakia , Slovenia , Spain , Sweden , Switzerland , Turkey , Ukraine , United Kingdom & North Ireland , Vatican City , Yugoslavia.
http://wonderstourism.com/jordan-in-details/
Countries requiring prior visa clearance:
Albania , Moldova.
North America

Countries not requiring prior visa clearance:
Canada , Mexico , United States of America , Antigua and Barbuda , Bahamas , Barbados , Costa Rica , Dominica , Dominican Republic , Grenada , Guatemala , Haiti , Honduras , Jamaica , Nicaragua , Panama , El Salvador , Trinidad and Tobago.

Countries requiring prior visa clearance:
Belize , Cuba.

Ocean Asia
Countries not requiring prior visa clearance:
Australia , Federal States of Micronesia , Fiji , Kiribati , Marshall Islands , New Zealand , Samoa , Solomon Islands , Tonga.
Pacific Ocean
Countries not requiring prior visa clearance:
States of Micronesia , Tuvalu , Vanuatu.
South America

Countries not requiring prior visa clearance:
Argentina , Bolivia , Brazil , Chile , Ecuador , Guyana , Paraguay , Peru , Surinam , Uruguay , Venezuela.

Countries requiring prior visa clearance:
Colombia.

Jordan in details

Arrivals at Aqaba, either through the port, the airport or at the crossing from Israel or Saudi Arabia, are granted a free visa to Jordan. There is no obligation associated with this visa, provided that they leave the country from the same border and within 1 month of arrival, and that they do not need to renew their visa.

Those holding an ASEZA visa and wishing to stay longer than 1 month must extend it at the ASEZA office in Aqaba and not with their local police station as holders of a normal visa would.

Exit service fee applies for land and sea border points. 8.00 JD per passenger and 5.00 JD per vehicle.

Petra old photo

 

CUSTOMS REGULATIONS IN JORDAN

Visitors can import up to 200 cigarettes or 25 cigars, as well as one litre of alcohol. Visitors under the age of 18 are not qualified for a duty-free allowance. Edible products from animals, flowers, fruits and vegetables are only permitted with a certificate issued by the Department of Agriculture from the country of origin. To find out what you can take home from Jordan, contact your country’s Customs Service Office.

 

SAFETY IN JORDAN

Despite the country’s proximity to Iraq, Israel and the Occupied Territories, Jordan is just as safe as most countries around the world. Most tourists in Jordan experience an enjoyable, worry-free trip, with no more preparation needed than the usual precautions against flashing large amounts of cash or walking along dark alleys at night, etc.

 

TELEPHONE COMMUNICATION IN jORDAN

Telephone services within Jordan are efficient and reliable. Directories in Arabic and English are widely available and international calls can be made from public and private phones. Card-operated phones can be found throughout most of the larger cities, towns and tourist destinations and the cards themselves are easy to purchase locally.
Fax services are available at most hotels while telegrams can be sent from post offices. Internet access is widespread via Internet cafes and hotels.
To call from one city to another Jordan, dial 0 (analog Eight) + area code (eg, Amman – 06, Aqaba and Petra – 03). Phones that start at 079, 078 and 077, – mobile.
http://wonderstourism.com/jordan-in-details/
CELLULAR COMMUNICATION IN JORDAN
In Jordan, the three largest mobile operators-ZEIN (code 079), ORANGE (code 077) and Umniah (code 078). So having mobile phones, we recommend to buy for 10 dinars SIM-card. Minute conversation with cities abroad will cost you almost 0.7 dinars, which is much cheaper than using roaming. And local calls cost about 0.1 dinar. Incoming calls are free.
Useful phone numbers
Wonders Travel and Tourism – 03 201 3994.
Ambulance – 199
Police – 191

 

Exchange Rate of Jordanian Dinar

MONEY IN JORDAN

You will sometimes hear piastre or qirsh, which are both 10 fils (10 qirsh equals 100 fils).The currency in Jordan is the dinar (JD) – it’s known as the jay-dee among hip young locals – which is made up of 1000 fils.
Often when a price is quoted the unit will be omitted, so if you’re told that something is 25, it’s a matter of working out whether it’s 25 fils, 25 piastre or 25 dinars! Although it sounds confusing, most Jordanians wouldn’t dream of ripping off a foreigner. Coins are 10, 25, 50, 100, 250 and 500 fils, and one dinar. Notes come in denominations of JD1, 5, 10, 20 and 50. Try to change larger notes as often as possible at larger restaurants and when paying your hotel bill.Money in Jordan
Changing money is very easy in Jordan, and most major currencies are accepted in cash and travellers cheques. US dollars are the most accepted, followed by UK pounds and euros; you’ll get nowhere with Australian or New Zealand dollars.
There are no restrictions on bringing dinars into Jordan. It’s possible to change dinars back into some foreign currencies in Jordan, but you’ll need to show receipts to prove that you changed your currency into dinars at a bank in Jordan.

 

Camels in Wadi Rum

TRANSPORT IN JORDAN

Airports
Queen Alia International Airport
Conveniently located within 50 minutes of Amman’s downtown, Queen Alia International Airport (QAIA) is considered to be the main airport in Jordan and is serviced by many global airline carriers.
Taxis are readily available outside the terminals. Shuttle buses also link QAIA with Amman’s South terminal (and back) every half-hour between 06.00 and 16:30, every hour between 17:00- 00.00, and every hour between 00:00 – 03:00am only Airport – Amman. The cost of the ticket is JOD3.00 .
Tel: 06 4453200
Fax: 06 4451136

 

Amman Civil Airport
Also located in Amman, Amman Civil Airport mainly serves as a regional airport servicing domestic and nearby international routes. Home to airlines such as Royal Wings, Jordan Aviation, and Arab Wings, Amman Civil Airport is operational 24 hours a day.
Tel: 06 4891501
Fax: 06 4891653
King Hussein International Airport
As Jordan’s gateway to the Red Sea region of Aqaba, King Hussein International Airport (KHIA) is approximately a 45-minute flight from either of Amman’s airports. Serviced by national and international carriers, KHIA is quickly growing to be a regional hub for both the holiday and business traveller alike.
Tel: 03 2012111
Fax: 03 2012397

Tea in Wadi Rum

Taxis
Taxis are inexpensive and often the most convenient form of transportation in Jordan, even over substantial distances, such as the trip between Amman and Aqaba. The white-painted “service taxis” ride fixed routes and are shared.
Private taxis are painted yellow “in Amman” and green “in Aqaba“; they can be taken from ranks outside larger hotels, or hailed in the street. Taxis have metres, but these are not always used at night, so it is advisable to agree on the cost beforehand. The same applies to long journeys. Taxi drivers are friendly, know the city well, and usually speak English. It is considered appropriate for a woman to sit in the back of the taxi. Tipping isn’t compulsory, but it is customary to add about 200 fils (20 piasters) to the price of the metre.

Buses
Several companies offer charter bus and regular tours in a fleet of modern, air-conditioned coaches. For schedules please ask your hotel concierge or visit the destinations page on www.wonderstourism.com

Car Rental
Jordan has an excellent and expanding road network, and renting a car can be a good way to see the country. A driving license valid in your country of origin is acceptable, provided you have held it for at least one year. Driving is on the right. Road signs on the highways are in Arabic and English. Brown signs are designed for tourists. There are plenty of petrol stations in Amman and other cities, and on most highways (except the Dead Sea/Aqaba road), but it makes sense to fill up before embarking on any long journey. There are many car rental offices; the following is a selection. Many hotels have car rental offices on their premises.

Wonders Travel and Tourism jeep tours

Wonders T&T continually evaluating additional vehicles to ensure the Firm gives the best up-to-date offers available in this very competitive market. We are offering all the services for all types of tours. Book your tour with Wonders Т.&Т., arrive in style.

Table of distances between cities in Jordan (km) click here !

Holiday in Jordan

BUSINESS HOURS IN JORDAN

Friday is the weekly holiday. Banks, government offices and most businesses are closed on Saturdays as well. Many businesses, including airline offices, travel agencies and some shops also close on Thursday afternoon, although department stores and supermarkets remain open. A few businesses and shops close for some of Sunday as well.

 

VALUES & TRADITION IN JORDAN

Jordan can be regarded for a typically Arab country for its people are very warm, friendly and hospitable. Jordanians are typically happy to forgive foreigners who break the rules of etiquette. However, visitors seen to be making an effort to observe local customs will undoubtedly win favour.
Joining local people for a cup of tea or coffee can be a wonderful way to learn more about local culture. If you are invited yet are unable to attend, then it is perfectly acceptable to decline. Place your right hand over your heart and politely make your excuses.
Many families, particularly in rural areas, are very traditional and, if you visit their house, you may well find it is divided between the men and women. Foreign women are often treated as “honorary” men.
Local women in Jordan enjoy considerable freedom when compared with many other countries in the region. Women are entitled to a full education, they can vote, they can drive cars, and they often play significant roles in business and politics. Arranged marriages and dowries are still common.

 

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS IN JORDAN

Wadi Rum Party

  • 1 January: New Year’s Day, local name :”Ras Assanah al-Miladi”.
  • 30 January: King Abdullah’s Birthday, Recently cancelled by a royal decree.
  • 1 May: Labour Day, local name :”Eid el-Ommal”.
  • Date varies: Easter Sunday, Eid Al Fiseh Al Atheem, Al Eid Al Kbeer
  • Observed by Christians. Easter in Jordan is celebrated by all denominations according to the Eastern Church Calendar.
  • 25 May: Independence Day, local name : “Eid al-Istiklaal”.
  • 9 June: King Abdullah’s Accession to the Throne, local name :”Eid al-Jolous”.
  • 15 November: Birthday of King Hussein. After King Hussein’s death, the day is called “Loyalty to Hussein”‘s Day Recently cancelled by a royal decree.
  • 25 December: Christmas Day, local name :” Eid Al Milad Al Majeed, Al Eid Il Sagheer” Christmas in Jordan is celebrated by all denominations according to Catholic date (Orthodox date on January 7th).
  • 10 Dhul Hijja: Feast of the Sacrifice or the Big Feast.
  • Eid al-Adha: Commemorates Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son.
  • 1 Shawwal:the Little Feast.
  • Eid al-Fitr: Commemorates end of Ramadan.
  • 1 Muharram: Hijri New Year.
  • Ras Assanah Al Hijri: Islamic New Year.
  • 27 Rajab: Isra and Mi’raj :Ascension of Muhammad.
  • 12 Rabi’ al-awwal: prophet Muhammad’s birthday, locakl name: “Mawlid al-Nabi”.

Culture in Jordan

CULTURAL CONSIDERATIONS

Jordan is primarily a Muslim country, although the freedom of all religions is protected. Muslin women’s clothing often covers their arms, legs and hair. Western women are not subject to these customs, but very revealing clothing is never appropriate, and conservative dress is advisable for both men and woman in downtown Amman and outside the cities.
Shorts are rarely worn by either sex, and would be out of place in the downtown area. Topless sunbathing is prohibited and one-piece swimsuits are preferred, although two-piece swimsuits are acceptable at hotel pools.
Public displays of affection are rare; however, it is not considered unusual for friends to hold hands, regardless of their gender.

 

RELIGION

Jordan is an ideal destination for those seeking cultural knowledge and spiritual enrichment. Jordan values its ethnically and religiously diverse population, consequently providing for the cultural rights of all its citizens. This spirit of tolerance and appreciation is one of the central elements contributing to the stable and peaceful cultural climate flourishing in Jordan. More than 92% of Jordanians are Sunni Muslims and approximately 6% are Christians. The majority of Christians belong to the Greek Orthodox Church, but there are also Greek Catholics, a small Roman Catholic community, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and a few Protestant denominations. Several small Shi’a and Druze populations can also be found in Jordan.
As Jordan is predominantly an Islamic country, one may explore the principles of Islam through direct interaction with the people of this monotheistic religion. As the capstone of a long tradition beginning with Judaism and Christianity, Muslims believe that Islam completes the revelation of God’s message to humankind. Islam – which in Arabic means “submission” – is an assertion of the unity, completeness, and sovereignty of God. Muslims believe that God, or Allah as He is known in Arabic, revealed his final message to humankind through the Prophet Muhammad and the Holy Qur’an, which is the divine immutable word of God. Islam focuses heavily on the equality of all humans before the one true God, and therefore it is in many ways a return to the original doctrine of the pure monotheism that characterized the early Judeo-Christian tradition.
Islamic tradition has crystallized five fundamental observances, or “pillars,” that are as important as faith in defining Islamic identity and strengthening the common bond that ties all Muslims together. They are Confession of Faith, Daily Prayer (five times per day facing the holy city of Mecca), Fasting during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan, Almsgiving, and Pilgrimage to Mecca.

Jordan in details
Ramadan in Jordan
RAMADAN
Ramadan is a holy month of fasting, the date of which varies according to the Islamic lunar calendar. During Ramadan, alcohol is not sold, except to non-Muslims in larger hotels. Smoking, eating and drinking in public is prohibited during the hours of daylight. As a sign of respect, visitors are kindly requested to refrain from these activities in public during fasting hours. During Ramadan, many stores, banks and offices open late at 09:00 and close early at 15: 00.

 

TIPPING

Tea in Jordan
Don’t feel that you are required to tip your taxi driver, as tipping in such a scenario is not necessary, but is certainly appreciated, Restaurant tips are approximately 10% gratuity in addition to the bill (unless a service charge is included in the total bill).

 

SHOPPING IN JORDAN

Jordan is destination for shopping; you can buy as modern products and traditional handicrafts as well. Walking through the bazaars and shops in Jordan – is not only a great Pleasure but also a great way to communicate with Locals; For example, in small shops they might offer you a cup of tea or coffee before going to bargain.
Souk (market) – one of the places where the tradition of bargaining is preserved.
Although the main advantage of the Jordanian market – is handmade products, the country has a lot of modern shops offering the latest fashions and high technology stuff.
Shopping hours are vary in Jordan, some of them open from 09.30 to 13.30 and from 15.30 to 18.00.
Others may work longer: from 08.00 to 20.00. Many shops are closed on Fridays, but Souk opened on that day.

 

Coffe in Wadi Rum